Northern Ireland topics

The following pages contain summaries of essential topics relating to the Troubles in Northern Ireland. These topic pages have been written and compiled by Alpha History authors. If you would like to suggest or contribute a page for inclusion here, please contact us.

Background to the Troubles

An introduction to Northern Ireland
Basic terms and concepts
A history of Anglo-Irish relations (1690-1914)
The Easter Rising (1916)
The Irish War of Independence (1919-1921)
The Partition of Ireland (1920)
Northern Ireland before the Troubles

From rights to riots

The Northern Ireland civil rights movement (1960s)
From civil rights to civil unrest (late 1960s)
The Battle of the Bogside (1969)

The British intervention

Operation Banner (1969)
Internment of paramilitary suspects (1971)
‘Bloody Sunday’ (1972)
The British impose Direct Rule (1972)

The Long War

The early IRA (1919-1968_
The Provisional IRA (1969)
The Official IRA (1969)
The Irish National Liberation Army (1974))
Loyalist paramilitary groups (1970s)
The Long War
The mainland campaign (1972-1996)
H Block and hunger strikes (1972-1981)

Searching for calm

Peace movements (1970s)
The Sunningdale Agreement (1975)
The Anglo-Irish Agreement (1985)
The IRA ceasefire (1994)

The fragile peace

The Good Friday Agreement (1998)
Implementing the Good Friday Agreement
The Real IRA and the Omagh bombing (1998)
The decommissioning crisis
The St Andrews Agreement (2006)
What next for Northern Ireland?

Cultural representations

Northern Ireland’s Troubles murals
Movies about the Troubles
Music about the Troubles


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