Nazi Germany timeline 1930-34

This Nazi Germany timeline contains a chronological list of significant events and developments in Germany between 1930 and 1934. This timeline has been written by Alpha History authors.


January: Ernst Rohm, a loyal comrade of Hitler, takes up the leadership of the SA, at Hitler’s request.
May: Unemployment in Germany reaches four million, due to the industrial slump of the Great Depression.
May 11th: Austria’s largest bank collapses and declares bankruptcy, sparking a banking crisis in Germany.
July: The Bund Deutscher Madel (League of German Girls’) is established as a female alternative to the Hitler Youth.


April 10th: Paul von Hindenburg re-elected president for another seven year term. Hitler obtains 37 per cent of the vote.
April 24th: The NSDAP becomes the largest party in the Landtag (state parliament) of Prussia.
June: The formation of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD), the intelligence-gathering division of the SS.
June 16th: Chancellor von Papen lifts a nationwide ban on the Sturmabteilung (SA).
July 31st: The NSDAP wins 230 of 608 Reichstag seats, the largest single return of any Weimar-era party.
August 13th: Now the leader of the Reichstag’s largest party, Hitler has a meeting with President Hindenburg.
August 13th: Hitler publicly declares that he will not accept any ministry in the government, other than the chancellorship.
August 30th: Hitler’s deputy, Hermann Goering, is elected president of the Reichstag.
October: Chancellor von Papen, unable to govern effectively, is forced to call another election.
November 6th: The election sees the NSDAP lose 34 seats, but the party still retains almost a third of Reichstag seats.
December 3rd: Hindenburg appoints Kurt von Schleicher as chancellor, replacing von Papen.


January 30th: Hindenburg sacks von Schleicher and appoints Adolf Hitler as German chancellor.
February 2nd: Hitler meets with Reichswehr generals and promises them expansion and rearmament.
February 27th: Fire destroys part of the Reichstag building. Hitler blames communist revolutionaries.
February 28th: At Hitler’s insistence, President Hindenburg issues the Reichstag Fire Decree.
March 5th: Another Reichstag election sees the NSDAP increase its representation to 288 seats.
March 22nd: Dachau concentration camp opens and immediately begins receiving political prisoners.
March 23rd: The Enabling Act is passed, effectively allowing Hitler to pass laws without the Reichstag.
April 1st: Sturmabteilung and NSDAP leaders organise a one-day boycott of Jewish stores and businesses.
April 7th: The Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service. Jews banned from many government jobs.
April 25th: The Law to prevent Overcrowding in German Schools. Strict quotas placed on Jewish students.
May 2nd: Trade unions are officially banned by the Nazis. Four days later they are ‘replaced’ by the DAF.
May 6th: Formation of the Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF), a compulsory workers’ union run by the Nazis.
May 10th: Hitler orders a campaign of public book-burnings, targeting “un-German” authors.
July 14th: The NSDAP is declared the only official political party in Germany; all other parties are banned..
July 14th: The Law to prevent Hereditarily-Diseased Offspring legalises compulsory sterilisation.
July 20th: The NSDAP signs a concordat with the Vatican which supposedly guarantees Catholic rights in Germany.
October 14th: On Hitler’s order, Germany formally withdraws from the League of Nations.
November 12th: A Reichstag election is held, though the ballot now contains only Nazi-approved candidates.
November 30th: Hermann Goering forms the Gestapo, a secret state police force, which is later absorbed into the SS.


April 11th: Hitler signs an agreement with Reichswehr generals to downsize the SA and expand the military.
June 30th: The ‘Night of the Long Knives’, a purge of the SA that claims scores of lives, including Ernst Rohm.
July 3rd: The Law for the Simplification of the Health System. Citizens can report candidates for sterilisation.
August 2nd: The death of President Hindenburg. Hitler assumes his powers and becomes Fuhrer.
August 3rd: The Reichswehreid (military oath) is changed; soldiers now swear loyalty directly to Adolf Hitler.
August 19th: A public vote clearly endorses Hitler’s plans to combine the presidency and the chancellorship.
October: The first wave of arrests of German homosexuals, who are detained in Dachau and other camps.

Information and resources on this page are © Alpha History 2018. Content on this page may not be copied, republished or redistributed without the express permission of Alpha History. For more information please refer to our Terms of Use.