Nazi Germany timeline 1918-23

This Nazi Germany timeline contains a chronological list of significant events and developments in Germany, from 1918 to 1923. This timeline has been written by Alpha History authors.


November 9th: A German republic is proclaimed, under the leadership of Friedrich Ebert, after the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II.
November 11th: Warring nations sign an armistice to end fighting in World War I. The armistice comes into effect at 11.00am.
November 19th: Corporal Adolf Hitler is discharged from military hospital after recuperating from severe gas poisoning.
December 14th: The formation of the first unit of Freikorps (a militia comprised of ex-soldiers) near Hagen in western Germany.


January 10th: Communist revolutionaries attempt to seize control of Berlin but are defeated by Freikorps troops.
January 13th: The provisional German government relocates to the city of Weimar because of the violence in Berlin.
January 19th: The Social Democrat Party (SPD) wins 38 per cent of the votes in elections for the new national assembly.
February 11th: SPD leader Friedrich Ebert is confirmed as the first president of the new German republic.
June 22nd: The Treaty of Versailles is ratified by the German Reichstag, despite opposition in the nationalist press.
June 28th: The Treaty of Versailles is signed by all parties, formally ending hostilities in World War I.
August 11th: The proclamation of the new Weimar constitution, creating a new liberal democratic political system for Germany.
September 11th: Reichswehr officers order Corporal Hitler to attend meetings of the German Workers’ Party (DAP) and report on its activities. Hitler joins the party after attending two meetings.


February 20th: Hitler’s party, the DAP, renames itself the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (or NSDAP).
February 24th: The NSDAP publishes its political manifesto, a 25-point statement listing its beliefs, value and agenda.
March 17th: The Kapp putsch, an attempt to seize Berlin launched by a small group of ex-soldiers and nationalists, fails.
March 31st: Adolf Hitler is formally discharged from the German military and is employed by the NSDAP.
June 6th: Elections for the national Reichstag see socialist parties win almost 40 per cent of votes and seats.
December 17th: The NSDAP obtains its first newspaper, Voelkischer Beobachter.


July 11th: Hitler resigns from the NSDAP in protest against a proposed merger with another right-wing party.
July 25th: Hitler accepts an invitation to re-join the party and replaces Anton Drexler as its supreme leader.
September: Hitler is arrested for disturbing the peace, after gate-crashing a meeting of a rival political group.


January 12th: Hitler serves a month in prison for his disturbing the peace offence of September 1921.
June 24th: German foreign minister Walter Rathenau is murdered by Organisation Consul, a right-wing terrorist group.
October 28th: Italian fascist Benito Mussolini becomes the prime minister of Italy, after his successful ‘march on Rome’.
December 27th: French troops occupy the Ruhr region after Germany defaults on several reparations payments.


October: Hyperinflation grips Germany after the government orders massive print runs of banknotes. Prices rise by huge amounts every day, while many Germans lose their savings and cash investments.
November 8th: The NSDAP launches the Beer Hall Putsch, an attempt to seize control of the Bavarian government.
November 9th: The Beer Hall Putsch is defeated by police and army units. Adolf Hitler, Ernst Rohm and others are arrested.
November 12th: Hjalmar Schacht, a supporter of Hitler, is appointed president of the Reichsbank.

Information and resources on this page are © Alpha History 2018. Content on this page may not be copied, republished or redistributed without the express permission of Alpha History. For more information please refer to our Terms of Use.