Nazi Germany timeline 1935-39


This Nazi Germany timeline contains a chronological list of significant events and developments in Germany, from 1935 to 1939. This timeline has been written by Alpha History authors.

1935

April 30th: A Nazi decree forbids Jews from displaying or carrying the German flag.
May 31st: Jews are banned from serving in the German armed forces.
September 15th: The ‘Nuremberg Laws’ define who is Jewish and withdraw citizenship of German Jews.
October 15th: Hitler announces the reformation of the Reichswehr into a new military force: the Wehrmacht.
November 14th: A further decree outlines three different ‘degrees’ of Jews and mischlinges (half-breeds).

1936


February 10th: The Gestapo is merged with the state police and given wide-ranging extra-legal powers.
March 7th: Hitler orders the re-entry of German troops into the Rhineland, in defiance of the Versailles treaty.
June 17th: Heinrich Himmler is appointed chief of German police; all civilian police are now under the control of the SS.
July 12th: The Nazis target Romany (‘Gypsies’) as ‘anti-socials’, launching a wave of arrests and detentions.
July 22nd: Hitler pledges support to General Franco, nationalist-fascist leader in the Spanish Civil War.
August 1st: Olympic Games begin in Berlin. German cities are cleared of anti-Jewish signs and propaganda.
October 25th: Hitler and Mussolini sign a ‘treaty of friendship’, later described as the ‘Rome-Berlin Axis’.
November 25th: Germany signs an anti-communist alliance with Japan to block Soviet expansion.

1937

January 30th: Hitler addresses the Reichstag, calling for Germany’s withdrawal from the Versailles treaty.
July 15th: Buchenwald concentration camp is established in central Germany.
August 16th: Norman Ebbutt, a British journalist reporting on Germany’s rearmament program, is deported.
September 13th: The Nazis encourage German Jews to emigrate, provided they surrender most of their property.
September 25th: Italian fascist leader Benito Mussolini visits Hitler and is hailed as a hero by German crowds.
November 5th: Hitler secretly meets military commanders in Berlin and lays out his plans for expansion and war.

1938

March 13th: Germany achieves Anschluss, or union with Austria, in defiance of the Versailles treaty.
April 21st: A Nazi decree orders that Jews be gradually extracted from German economic life.
April 26th: Law for Jewish Wealth orders that Jewish property be registered, inventoried and seized.
July 14th: An international summit on Jewish refugees concludes, with 32 nations refusing to accept refugees.
August 8th: The Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria, the first major camp outside Germany.
September 27th: Jewish lawyers are forbidden from practising law or conducting business in Germany.
October 5th: A decree orders that passports of all German Jews be stamped with a large red ‘J’.
November 9th: Beginning of Kristallnacht, a campaign of violence, vandalism and harassment against German Jews.
November 15th: The Nazis order that all remaining Jewish schoolchildren are expelled from German schools.

1939

January 5th: Hitler declares the Polish city of Danzig to be “German, and will… again be part of Germany”.
January 30th: In a public speech, Hitler forecasts the “annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe”.
May 22nd: The ‘Pact of Steel’ strengthens German-Italian into a full military alliance.
August 23rd: The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact signed. It contains a secret plan to invade and divide Poland.
September 1st: Nazi forces invade Poland from the west, setting in motion events that will spark World War II.
September 1st: A Hitler memo authorises selected doctors to carry out euthanasia on the mentally infirm.



Information and resources on this page are © Alpha History 2014. Content on this page may not be copied, republished or redistributed without the express permission of Alpha History. For more information please refer to our Terms of Use.