Northern Ireland documents

This collection of Northern Ireland documents contains primary sources relating to the Troubles from 1969. It has been compiled by Alpha History authors. New sources will be added to this page over time. If you would like to suggest or contribute a document for inclusion here, please contact Alpha History.

Background to Northern Ireland and the Troubles
Extracts from the Penal Laws (1695-1745)
King George V opens the Northern Ireland parliament (June 1921)
The Anglo-Irish Treaty (December 1921)
John Kelleher on the issue of Irish unification (1954)

From civil rights to riots
BBC News: Police break up NICRA civil rights march in Derry (October 1968)
Taoiseach Jack Lynch on the causes of the unrest in Derry (October 1968)
Bernadette Devlin on the Loyalist ambush at Burntollet (January 1969)
Prime minister Terence O’Neill calls for an end to marches and violence (January 1969)
A joint communique on reforms in Northern Ireland (March 1969)
BBC News: Police use tear gas in Bogside (August 1969)
A joint British-Northern Ireland communique on security measures (August 1969)
BBC News: British troops deployed in Northern Ireland (August 1969)
Britain’s Home Secretary promises to oversee reforms in Northern Ireland (August 1969)
The Hunt Report on police forces in Northern Ireland (October 1969)

The British intervention
Patrick McClean recalls the brutality of internment (August 1971)
The Times: NICRA leads an anti-internment march in Belfast (January 1972)
BBC News: Soldiers open fire on protestors in Derry, killing 13 (January 1972)
A French photographer recalls the events of ‘Bloody Sunday’ (January 1972)
Alana Burke recalls the events of Bloody Sunday (January 1972)
The Guardian: post-Bloody Sunday editorial (January 1972)
James Chichester-Clark responds to Westminster’s imposition of Direct Rule (March 1972)
The Widgery Report on the ‘Bloody Sunday’ shootings (April 1972)
NICRA responds to the imposition of Direct Rule (1972)
BBC News: Official IRA announces a ceasefire (May 1972)
The British government and IRA hold secret meetings (July 1972)
The British Army issues new instructions on opening fire without warning (March 1973)

The Long War
The IRA Green Book: security and commitment (1977)
The IRA Green Book: the enemy (1977)
The IRA Green Book: guerrilla strategy (1977)
Ulster’s Children: Waiting for the Prince of Peace (December 1980)
Bobby Sands recalls a forced body search in HM Prison Maze (1981)
NORAID pamphlet calling for donations from Americans (1982)
An extract from Cal (1983)
Ian Paisley on self determination and Unionist resolve (November 1994)

Attempts at peace and power-sharing
Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave affirms the terms of the Sunningdale Agreement (March 1974)
The Downing Street Declaration (December 1993)
The IRA’s TUAS memo on nationalist strategy during the peace process (1994)
The IRA declares an indefinite ceasefire (August 1994)
Loyalist paramilitary groups declare a ceasefire (October 1994)
Tony Blair announces a new inquiry into Bloody Sunday 1972 (January 1998)
The Good Friday Agreement: preamble (April 1998)
The Good Friday Agreement: government (April 1998)
The Good Friday Agreement: policing (April 1998)
The Good Friday Agreement: prisoner release (April 1998)
Gerry Adams on the role of Sinn Fein post-Good Friday (June 1998)

Beyond Good Friday
Daily Express: Mob hurls stones outside Holy Cross school (September 2001)
Gerry Adams on the future of Irish republicanism (April 2006)
British prime minister David Cameron apologises for Bloody Sunday (June 2010)
The IRA reaffirms its commitment to armed struggle (July 2012)