This Russian Revolution timeline lists significant events and developments in tsarist Russia between 1914 and 1916. This timeline has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors. Note: Russia used the Julian or Old Style calendar until January 24th 1918, when this system was replaced by the Gregorian or New Style calendar. Dates in this calendar are Julian or Old Style before January 24th 1918 and Gregorian or New Style thereafter. To convert Old Style dates to New Style dates, add 13 days (for example, October 26th 1917 O.S. becomes November 8th N.S.)
June-July: A wave of general strikes in St Petersburg reaches a crescendo.
June 15th: The Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand, is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo.
July 8th: Government suppression of striking oil workers in Baku triggers a short but intensive wave of strikes in St Petersburg, lasting almost a week.
July 19th: Germany declares war on Russia, boosting patriotic fervour and dampening support for socialist groups.
July 30th: Prince Georgy Lvov creates the All-Russian Zemstvo Union for the Relief of Sick and Wounded Soldiers.
August 17th: The Battle of Tannenberg ends: the Russian Second Army is decimated by a much smaller German force.
August 18th: St Petersburg is renamed Petrograd, a rejection of the Germanic connotations in its original name.
September 1st: The Battle of the Masurian Lakes ends with another decisive German victory and 125,000 Russian casualties.
October 22nd: The five Bolshevik deputies in the Duma are arrested. They are put on trial in February 1915 and all are sentenced to exile in Siberia.
March 19th: Russian forces capture 120,000 Austrian soldiers in Galicia.
June 18th: The Russian government forms a Central War Industries Committee to address a dire shortage of rifles and other weapons.
July 9th: Russian forces begin retreating from Poland and Galicia in large numbers. Most withdraw to behind Russia’s borders.
July 23rd: Russia is forced to abandon the Polish capital Warsaw to German and Austrian troops.
August 9th: The Kadets, Octobrists and other liberal-conservative parties form an alliance in the Duma and begin demanding political reforms.
August 23rd: The tsar prorogues the hostile Duma. He also assumes control of the military and departs Petrograd for the army headquarters at Mogilev.
February 6th: The Duma reconvenes in Petrograd.
February 29th: The government conscripts striking workers at the Putilov steel factory and takes charge of production there.
June 20th: On advice from Rasputin and the Tsarina, Nicholas orders the temporary dissolution of the Duma.
October: The ultra-conservative Alexander Protopopov is appointed the interior minister, at the behest of the Tsarina and Rasputin.
November 1st: The Duma is reconvened and immediately calls for an overhaul of the tsarist government.
December 17th: Rasputin is assassinated by three conspirators, led by Prince Felix Yusupov, who are concerned about his impact on the tsarist regime.
December 30th: The tsar is warned by his advisors that the army would no longer support him if there was a revolution.
This page was written by Jennifer Llewellyn, John Rae and Steve Thompson. To reference this page, use the following citation:
J. Llewellyn et al, “Russian Revolution timeline 1914-1916” at Alpha History, https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/russian-revolution-timeline-1914-1916/, 2018, accessed [date of last access].