Welcome to Alpha History’s comprehensive website on the Russian Revolution. At the turn of the 20th century Russia was one of the world’s largest and most powerful empires. Its landmass reached from Europe to Asia and spanned one sixth of the globe; its population exceeded 100 million people from dozens of ethnic and language groups; and its peacetime standing army was the largest in the world. Despite its enormous size and power, Russia was as medieval as it as modern. The empire was ruled by just one man, Tsar Nicholas II, who claimed his political authority as a gift from God. But in 1905 the tsar’s autocratic power was challenged by reformists and revolutionaries who wanted to create a modern democratic Russia. These challenges heralded the start of the Russian Revolution. Two decades later, Russia was in the hands of socialist revolutionaries who came to power promising a better society for the working classes. But could they honour and fulfil these promises while dragging Russia into the modern world?
Alpha History’s Russian Revolution website contains hundreds of primary and secondary resources for researching, learning and understanding events in Russia between 1905 and 1924. Our topic pages contain concise summaries of key Russian Revolution topics and events. We provide a range of carefully chosen primary sources, including documents, graphics and maps. There is also useful reference material like a timeline, glossary, a who’s who of significant leaders and a summary of Russian Revolution historiography. Finally, Alpha History also provides a range of interactive activities, such as crosswords and quizzes, where you can test your understanding of the revolution in Russia.