Impi Ebandayo

amafulegi empi ebandayo

Impi Ebandayo kwakuyisikhathi eside sokungaboni ngaso linye namazwe omhlaba phakathi kwe1945 ne1991. Kwakuphawuleka umbango omkhulu phakathi kwe-United States, iSoviet Union kanye nababambisene nabo.

Ibinzana elithi 'impi ebandayo' laqanjwa ngumbhali uGeorge Orwell, owathi ngo-Okthoba 1945 wabikezela isikhathi "sokuqina esabekayo" lapho amazwe anamandla noma ama-blocs omfelandawonye, ​​ngamunye enamandla okubhubhisa elinye, enqaba ukuxhumana noma ukuxoxisana.

Ukubikezela kuka-Orwell okuqondile kwaqala ukubonakala ku-1945. Njengoba iYurophu yayikhululwa kubushiqela bobuNazi, yathathwa yiSoviet Red Army empumalanga kanye nabaseMelika kanye nabaseBrithani entshonalanga. Engqungqutheleni zokushiswa kwekusasa lempi yangemva kwempi Europe, kwavela ukungezwani phakathi komholi weSoviet UJoseph Stalin kanye nabalingani bakhe baseMelika nabaseBrithani.

Maphakathi ne-1945, amathemba wokubambisana kwempi yangemva kwempi phakathi kweSoviet Union kanye namazwe aseNtshonalanga ayesephelile. Empumalanga ye-Europe, abameli beSoviet baphoqelela amaqembu ezenhlalo yabasebenzi embusweni, okwenza ukuba usopolitiki waseBrithani Winston Churchill ukuxwayisa ngeI-Iron Curtain”Kwehlela eYurophu. Izwe laseMelika lasabela ngokwenza lokho I-Marshall plan, iphakethe losizo lweminyaka eyizigidi ezingama- $ 13 billion ukubuyisela ohulumeni base-Europe kanye nezomnotho. Ngama-1940 aphela, ukungenelela kweSoviet kanye nosizo lwaseNtshonalanga kwase kuhlukanise iYurophu yaba blocs ezimbili.

impi ebanda
Imephu ekhombisa ukuhlukaniswa kweYurophu phakathi neMpi Yomshoshaphansi

Esihlokweni salokhu kwahlukaniswa emva kwempi Germany, manje enamacembe amabili futhi inhloko-dolobha yayo iBerlin ithathwa amandla amane ahlukene.

E-1948, amaSoviet naseMpumalanga Jalimane azama faka indlala amandla aseNtshonalanga eBerlin bathintwa yindiza enkulu kunazo zonke emlandweni. Ku-1961 uhulumeni we I-East Germany, ebhekene ne-a ukuphuma kwabantu abaningi bakhona, wavala imingcele yakhe futhi wamisa umgoqo wangaphakathi edolobheni elihlukaniswe yiBerlin. The Berlin Wall, njengoba yayaziwa, yaba uphawu oluhlala njalo lweMpi Yomshoshaphansi.

Izimpi ezibandayo zaqhubeka nokusabalala kwemingcele yeYurophu. Ngo-Okthoba 1949, i-China Revolution yaphetha ngokunqoba kukaMao Zedong neqembu lamaKhomanisi laseChina. I-China yathuthuka ngokushesha futhi yaba amandla enuzi, ngenkathi ukusongela kobukhomanisi kwashukumisela ukuqashelwa kweMpi Yomshoshaphansi eya e-Asia. Ku-1962, ukutholakala kwe Imicibisholo yaseSoviet esizweni esisesiqhingini saseCuba kwacindezela iMelika kanye neSoviet Union ekuqothulweni kwempi yenuzi.

Le micimbi ivuselele izinga elingakaze libonwe lokusolwa, ukungathembani, ukuphoxeka kanye nokugcina izimfihlo. Ama-ejensi afana neCentral Intelligence Agency (CIA) ne Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti (KGB) andise abo imisebenzi yokusitha emhlabeni wonke, ukuqoqa imininingwane ngamazwe ezitha kanye nemibuso. Baphinde bangenelela kwezombusazwe zezinye izizwe, bekhuthaza futhi behambisa ukunyakaza komhlaba, ukuvuka, coup d'etats nezimpi zommeleli.

Abantu abavamile bayibona iMpi Yomshoshaphansi ngesikhathi sangempela, ngokusebenzisa eyodwa ebaluleke kakhulu imikhankaso yenkulumo-ze emlandweni wesintu. Amanani weCold War kanye neparanoia yenyukliya yangena kuzo zonke izici zesiko elidumile, kufaka phakathi ifilimu, ithelevishini futhi umculo.

Iwebhusayithi ye-Cold War eyaziwa nge-Cold War iyinsiza ebhaliwe yezincwadi ezisezingeni eliphezulu yokufunda ukungezwani kwezepolitiki nakwezempi phakathi kwe1945 ne1991. Iqukethe cishe imithombo ehlukile ye-400 ehlukile nesekondari, kufaka phakathi imininingwane izihloko ezifingqiwe, amadokhumenti, izikhathi, glossaries futhi izindaba zomuntu. Abafundi abathuthukile bangathola imininingwane nge-Cold War umlando futhi izazi-mlando. Abafundi bangaphinde bahlole ulwazi lwabo futhi bakhumbule ngohlu lwezinto ezenziwa online, kufaka phakathi kwakha, emaphazili futhi ukubekwa kwamagama. Imithombo eyisisekelo eceleni, konke okuqukethwe Kumlando we-Alfa kubhalwe ngothisha abaqeqeshiwe nabanolwazi, ababhali nezazi-mlando.

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