American Revolution: Boston Tea Party

Exam task

Section A Question 1/2 – American Revolution


“Using three or four points, explain how to the event known as the Boston Tea Party contributed to the development of the American Revolution between 1773 and 1776?”

Student response

“The Tea Act was the premise of rising tensions in 1773 that served as a catalyst to the Boston Tea Party which fractured colonial and British rapport. Firstly, the tax on tea importation that undercut colonial trade and profits directly impacted upon merchants such as John Hancock. Westminster’s employment of the act in 1773 was to protect the East India Company from bankruptcy by means of monopolising the tea market. The Boston Tea Party was an act of rebellion and boycott of British tea, where the Sons of Liberty lead by Sam Adams dressed as Natives and declaring themselves “Mohawks”, disposed 9659 pounds worth of tea into the Boston harbours. The act of subversion was symbolic of the colonial reaction to Westminster’s imposing policies which continued to impinge on the natural rights of the colonies. In consequence of such extensive destruction of British property, the Coercive acts were implemented as punitive measures, which were yet again received by the colonists with animosity. Furthermore, the Coercive Acts, particularly the Quartering Act and Massachusetts Suspension Act created great turmoil as the Quartering Act permeated colonial privacy and fraternity as the standing army were to be housed by the colonists. The Massachusetts Suspension Act exacerbated the already fractured relationship between Britain and her children as the act was a direct threat and attack on colonial political liberty with the termination of the right to legislate. The extensive measures taken by Westminster to control the colonies through the Boston Tea Party and Coercive Acts, ultimately lead to the initiative for independence and sovereignty.”

Teacher feedback

For the most part, this is a very good response – however there are one or two improvements to be made. The opening sentence is long winded and begins with the Tea Act rather than the Boston Tea Party. It should begin by directly addressing the question, e.g. “The Boston Tea Party was a catalyst for the passing of the Coercive Acts, which directly contributed to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War”. The response should also explain that the Coercive Acts were imposed to recover compensation from the colonies for the tea destroyed in December 1773. The response is generally well written, although one or two sentences could be more clear. This response would score in the region of 9/10.”

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