Decree forming a Soviet government (1917)

Unveiled at the Second Congress of Soviets on October 26th, alongside the Decree on Land and Decree on Peace, the following decree announced the formation of a Soviet government:

“The All-Russia Congress of Soviets of Workers, Soldiers and Peasants Deputies resolves:

To establish a provisional workers’ and peasants’ government, to be known as the Council of People’s Commissars, to govern the country until the Constituent Assembly is convened.

The management of individual branches of state activity is entrusted to commissions, whose members hall ensure the fulfilment of the program announced by the Congress, and shall work in close contact with mass organisations of men and women workers, sailors, soldiers, peasants and office employees.

Governmental authority is vested in a committee of the chairmen of those commissions, ie, the Council of People’s Commissars.

Control over the activities of the People’s Commissars, with the right to replace them, is vested in the All-Russia Congress of Soviets of Workers, Peasants and Soldiers Deputies and its Central Executive Committee.

At the present time the Council of People’s Commissars is constituted as follows:

Chairman of the Council — Vladimir Ulyanov.
People’s Commissar of the Interior — Rykov.
Agriculture — Milyutin.
Labour — Shlyapnikov.
Army and Navy Affairs — a committee consisting of Ovseyenko, Krylenko and Dybenko.
Commerce and Industry — Nogin
Education — Lunacharsky.
Finance — Stepanov.
Foreign Affairs — Bronstein.
Justice — Oppokov.
Food — Tedorovich.
Posts and Telegraph — Avilov.
Chairman for Nationalities — Jugashvili.
The office of People’s Commissar of Railways is temporarily vacant.”