Nkhondo Yozizira

mbendera za nkhondo yozizira

Nkhondo Yozizira inali nthawi yayitali yovuta yapadziko lonse komanso mikangano pakati pa 1945 ndi 1991. Zinadziwika ndi mkangano waukulu pakati pa United States, Soviet Union ndi anzawo.

Mawu oti 'nkhondo yozizira' adapangidwa ndi wolemba George Orwell, yemwe mu October 1945 adaneneratu nthawi ya "bata bata" pomwe mayiko amphamvu kapena mabungwe ogulitsa, aliyense wokhoza kuwononga enawo, amakana kuyankhulana kapena kukambirana.

Kuneneratu koyipa kwa Orwell kunayamba kuwonekera mu 1945. Monga Europe idamasulidwa ku nkhanza za Nazi, idalandidwa ndi Soviet Red Army kummawa ndi aku America ndi Britain kumadzulo. Pamisonkhano yosonyeza tsogolo la nkhondo ya ku Europe ikatha, mkangano udabuka pakati pa mtsogoleri wa Soviet Joseph Stalin ndi anzawo aku America ndi Britain.

Pofika pakati pa 1945, chiyembekezo cha mgwirizano wapakati pa nkhondo pakati pa Soviet Union ndi mayiko a Azungu chidatha. Kummawa kwa Yuropu, othandizira a Soviet adakankhira maphwando achikhalidwe, ndikupangitsa andale aku Britain Winston Churchill kuchenjeza zaPazitsulo Zazitsulo”Akutsikira ku Europe. United States idayankha pochita izi Dongosolo la Marshall, phukusi lothandizira $ 13 biliyoni wazaka zinayi kuti abwezeretse maboma aku Europe ndi zachuma. Pofika kumapeto kwa 1940s, kulowererapo kwa Soviet ndi chithandizo cha Azungu zidagawanitsa Europe mu blocs ziwiri.

nkhondo yozizira
Mapu akuwonetsa kugawika kwa Europe pa nthawi ya Cold War

Pachigawo chachikulu cha gawoli panali pambuyo pa nkhondo Germany, yomwe yamangidwa m'magawo awiri ndipo likulu lake Berlin wokhala ndi mphamvu zinayi.

Mu 1948, Soviet ndi East Germany zimayesa ku ndi nyenyezi za azungu aku Berlin adaletseka ndi ndege yayikulu kwambiri m'mbiri. Mu 1961 boma la East Germany, akukumana ndi a Kuchuluka kwa anthu ake, adatseka malire ake ndikukhazikitsa chotchinga chamkati mumzinda wogawanika wa Berlin. The Berlin Khoma, monga momwe limadziwikira, linakhala chizindikiro chosatha cha Nkhondo Yozizira.

Cold War kusamvana kudafikiranso kudutsa malire a Europe. Mu Okutobala 1949, Revolution ya China idakwaniritsidwa ndi kupambana kwa Mao Zedong ndi Chipani cha Chikomyunizimu cha China. China idatukuka kwambiri ndikukhala mphamvu ya nyukiliya, pomwe kuwopseza chikominisiti kunapangitsa chidwi cha Cold War kupita ku Asia. Mu 1962, kupezeka kwa Zoponya za Soviet pamtunda wa Cuba inakankhira United States ndi Soviet Union kumalire a nkhondo ya zida za nyukiliya.

Zochitika izi zidawonjezera kukayikira kopitilira muyeso, kusakhulupilira, paranoia komanso chinsinsi. Mabungwe ngati Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) ndi Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti (KGB) adaonjezera ntchito zobisa kuzungulira padziko lonse lapansi, kusonkhanitsa zambiri zokhudzana ndi mayiko omwe ali mdani ndi mayiko. Amasokoneza ndale za mayiko ena, kulimbikitsa ndikuthandizira kusuntha pansi, kuwukira, kuphatikiza d'etats ndi nkhondo zovomerezeka.

Anthu wamba adakumana ndi Cold War mu nthawi yeniyeni, kudzera mwa imodzi mwamphamvu kwambiri ntchito zokopa anthu m'mbiri ya anthu. Mfundo za Cold War ndi paranoia zamphamvu zanyukiliya zidafikako pamitundu yonse yazikhalidwe zotchuka, kuphatikiza kanema, TV ndi nyimbo.

Webusayiti ya Cold War ya Alpha History ndi buku labwino kwambiri pophunzirira za mikangano yazandale komanso yankhondo pakati pa 1945 ndi 1991. Ili ndi pafupifupi 400 magawo osiyanasiyana oyambira ndi asekondale, kuphatikizapo tsatanetsatane chidule pamutu, zikalata, nthawi, mawu ndi biographies. Ophunzira apamwamba amatha kudziwa zambiri pa Cold War mbiriyakale ndi olemba mbiri. Ophunzira amathanso kuyesa chidziwitso chawo ndikukumbukira ndi zochitika zosiyanasiyana pa intaneti, kuphatikizapo mafunso, mzati ndi mawu. Magwero oyambira pambali, zonse zomwe zili mu Mbiri ya Alamu zalembedwa ndi aphunzitsi oyenerera komanso odziwa ntchito, olemba ndi olemba mbiri.

Kupatula kupatula magwero oyambira, zonse zomwe zimapezeka patsamba lino ndi © Google History 2019. Izi sizingatengeredwe, kusindikizidwanso kapena kutumizidwanso popanda chilolezo cha Mbiri Yakufa ya Alfa. Kuti mumve zambiri zakugwiritsa ntchito tsamba la Alpha History ndi zomwe muli nazo, chonde onani zomwe tikufuna Kagwilitsidwe Nchito.