Song Jiaoren

song jiaorenSong Jiaoren (1882-1913, Wade-Giles: Sung Chiao-jen) was a republican revolutionary and an important figure in the post-1911 national government. Born in Hunan province, Song was educated in history, politics and the arts. He went on to work as a teacher before embarking to Japan for further study, where he met Sun Yixian and became a foundation member of the Tongmenghui. Song returned to China and participated in the military uprisings of 1911 – however his most important contribution was to oversee the formation of the Guomindang and its organisation into a formal political party. In 1912 he became president of the newly formed Guomindang and was appointed to the interim republican government. By early 1913 Song seemed a prime candidate for the prime ministership, however his constant push for a reduction in presidential powers was an aggravation to Yuan Shikai. In March 1913 Song was assassinated in Shanghai. probably on Shikai’s orders.

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